Flower-Aspect Chats Half 2: A Q&A with Invoice Conkling, Founder and CEO of Maggie’s Farm



Flower continues to be the dominant product class in US hashish gross sales. On this “Flower-Aspect Chats” sequence of articles, Inexperienced interviews built-in hashish firms and flower manufacturers which can be bringing distinctive enterprise fashions to the business. Specific consideration is targeted on how these companies navigate a quickly altering panorama of regulatory, provide chain and shopper demand.

Maggie’s Farm is an built-in hashish firm primarily based in Southern Colorado. Maggie’s Farm has seven adult-use and medical dispensaries and cultivates the overwhelming majority of their flower on outside farms. All Maggie’s Farm merchandise are sun-grown from seed in soil that’s 100% custom-mixed onsite in addition to spring-watered, slow-cured and hand-trimmed. Maggie’s Farm doesn’t use any artificial pesticides or development hormones in its cultivation. As well as, for the previous eight years, Maggie’s Farm has not too long ago obtained Clear Inexperienced Licensed®, a designation certifying natural requirements and testing that mirrors the USDA natural certification. Maggie’s Farm was the primary cultivator in Colorado to earn the Clear Inexperienced certification.

We spoke with Invoice Conkling, Founder and CEO of Maggie’s Farm to study extra about the advantages of out of doors rising, localism and their Clear Inexperienced certification. Invoice began Maggie’s Farm in 2010 after rising up on cattle ranches and farms in Colorado.

Aaron Inexperienced: Invoice, thanks for taking the time in the present day. Inform me a bit about how you bought concerned within the hashish business.

Invoice Conkling: I’m a local of southern Colorado. I used to be a medical caregiver again within the early days of legalization, and I noticed a possibility to vertically align after my first authorized crop in 2010. I opened up the shop in 2011. I’ve been a lifelong proponent of medical, leisure and grownup use of marijuana.

I come from a background of farmers and I had labored on cattle ranches and farms all through childhood. As quickly as I graduated from school, I went again to work on a big cattle ranch within the 4 corners space [of southern Colorado]. That’s the place I began to include my indoor cultivation expertise and expertise with outside.

Aaron: What traits are you following within the hashish business?

Invoice: I used to be one of many first medical operators to help legalization, so I’ve definitely adopted legalization traits. I’ve checked out another states in our area by way of development and legalization.

Invoice Conkling, Founder and CEO of Maggie’s Farm

We’re attempting to remain a regional provider and producer in order that we’re domestically grown. We consider the southwest of Colorado is perfect for outside hashish cultivation.

At Maggie’s Farm, now we have adopted an natural pattern from the start and I feel that’s turning into extra of a pattern now. We not too long ago obtained Clear Inexperienced certification to that impact. Our aim is to attempt to present the healthiest product at a superb worth to the market.

I consider that all the merchandise which can be made within the hashish world come from the flower. Downstream merchandise are solely pretty much as good as their substances. All of it begins with the flower. So, we concentrate on producing a clear, top-shelf high quality flower that’s produced outdoor.

Aaron: How do you outline native?

Invoice: Native is staying within the local weather that’s optimum with the least quantity of carbon footprint to the earth. That additionally means attempting to function in order that we’re not shifting a whole lot of product throughout lengthy distances.

READ ALSO  How SuperNet Plans to Grow to be the American Categorical of Hashish

We’re attempting to arrange farms which can be in optimum climates. There’s a two or three-state area that I consider is the optimum local weather for outside marijuana cultivation in our nation.

Aaron: What states are these particularly?

Invoice: I feel Colorado and New Mexico, primarily.

Aaron: What geographies is Maggie’s farm at present in?

Invoice: We’re in southern Colorado. We don’t go into the plains of Colorado.

Aaron: So Colorado state solely proper now?

Invoice: Sure. The moist mountain vary is likely one of the mountain ranges that we’re in. I’ve additionally cultivated within the La Plata mountain vary.

Aaron: What particularly is it about that area that makes it conducive to hashish rising?

Invoice: I feel in the event you get the appropriate elevation and the appropriate microclimates inside these elevations, and you’ve got the variety of sunny days that Colorado affords in these areas – the depth of the daylight, and the cool nights – all these issues are components that coincide in these areas that we wish to domesticate in.

Aaron: We’ve been speaking about outside development. Does Maggie’s do any indoor?

Invoice: No. We’re basically an out of doors farm. We perform a little little bit of breeding and we’ve received starter homes, greenhouses and hoop homes for that objective. We’ve received one greenhouse that we use for some wholesale, however we’re primarily outdoor.

Aaron: How do you go about choosing the genetics or evolving the genetics to satisfy your native surroundings, given that you simply’re rising outdoor?

Invoice: Numerous it’s actually via testing and experimentation, traditionally. You simply domesticate and harvest and see how the genetics carried out, you already know? You take a look at, you are taking take a look at inputs, you are taking buyer evaluations, and blind take a look at outcomes from the staff and from the purchasers and also you take into account all these info.

Aaron: Do you produce and use your personal seeds or are you buying these?

Invoice: Now we have accomplished each. I feel I’ve in all probability created someplace north of 800 completely different strains at this level. So, we’ve received an enormous seed financial institution. We do additionally purchase from distributors and experiment with a few of these genetics as effectively.

Aaron: Do you market your seeds in Colorado?“I don’t suppose that you would be able to get anyplace close to the terpene worth indoors that you would be able to outdoor.”

Invoice: We don’t.

Aaron: How did you choose outdoor-only because the technique for Maggie’s?

Invoice: I consider outside is a premium flower. I feel it has much less impression on the earth. I feel that there’s a lot much less pest mitigation than there may be indoors, which makes it a more healthy, cleaner product. You don’t must mitigate the focus of pests that you simply get in temperate climates of stagnant corners of greenhouses and buildings that you simply domesticate indoors. Due to this fact, you by no means get into the conditions as usually or as intensely, the place you might need to essentially work laborious at mitigating your pests. You should use the pure predator bugs you’ll be able to introduce and oftentimes they survive they usually create their very own climates and it’s a extra pure, more healthy product.

READ ALSO  The Epic International Battle Over Marijuana – Worthy of A Marvel Film

I don’t suppose that you would be able to get anyplace close to the terpene worth indoors that you would be able to outdoor. You simply don’t have the worth of the solar, which nothing compares to. You possibly can maintain up as many excessive wattage bulbs as you need and also you don’t even pale to the solar and the impact that the solar has on the flower.

Aaron: What are among the challenges of rising outdoor that you simply see often?

Invoice: You need to be nimble. You possibly can’t rely fully on a schedule. You’ve received to have the ability to shift round in your planting days and your harvest dates.

You’ve clearly received to be in your toes on a regular basis for climate modifications. Greater humidity years can are likely to convey extra bugs or pests. Some years you’ve received greater winds than different years. This 12 months, we had a snowstorm on September 9, which left 9 inches of heavy moist snow on one among our farms. So, you’ve received to be nimble, very proactive and prepared for these sorts of climate occasions that occur in very quick discover.

Aaron: We talked about Clear Inexperienced Licensed® briefly. Are you able to clarify extra in regards to the Clear Inexperienced certification and why that’s an vital factor for you at Maggie’s?

Invoice: The selection to change into Clear Inexperienced Licensed® was actually an effort to validate the natural course of that now we have. We vetted out what we consider was and nonetheless is the premier, natural standards certification endorsement out there for hashish. To at the present time, they actually do an moral, vetting-out course of whereby in the event you fail the components of any of the soils which can be despatched to federal-licensed labs, you don’t get your endorsement. The proprietor of Clear Inexperienced additionally had a mom firm that was an endorser of different agricultural merchandise resembling espresso, wheat and dairy.

Aaron: How would you evaluate Clear Inexperienced Licensed® to USDA Natural?

Invoice: An identical. When the federal authorities legalizes, we’re poised to routinely convert to a USDA Natural certification and endorsement. The processes the founder and proprietor of Clear Inexperienced makes use of to check hashish is similar course of used to check different agricultural industries. For vegetation, he takes random samples of soils all through a cultivation subject and sends them to a federal-licensed lab the place they take a look at for impurities.

Aaron: Did you determine to get your Clear Inexperienced certification because of pulling from the market, or is that this extra one thing you determined to do internally as Maggie’s Farm?

Invoice: I made a decision to do that internally. I wished to be acknowledged for all of our natural efforts and I wished to let individuals know that now we have a protected product that doesn’t have synthetics in it. Even to at the present time, lots of people in Colorado not like the coastal states like possibly California are nonetheless fairly unaware of a Clear Inexperienced certification and even the truth that there may be an natural course of for hashish or marijuana. So, it’s actually simply to let our prospects know that there’s worth in a protected, wholesome alternative for them.

READ ALSO  How To Inspire Your Household to Stay a More healthy Life-style

Aaron: What sort of merchandise do you create at Maggie’s farm?

Invoice: We develop flower. We’re additionally an enormous producer of a really high-quality pre-roll. We’re creating promoted merchandise as effectively.

Aaron: Do you do recent frozen?

Invoice: We do some, sure.

Aaron: Are you promoting direct to the dispensary or to producers?

Invoice: We lastly had produced some extra. So, we began wholesaling flower this 12 months and plenty of high-quality shake for concentrates to pay attention makers. Our buyer is often somewhat extra of a mature buyer. I don’t wish to say essentially older, however I feel we in all probability do hit somewhat bit of a better, extra skilled, health-conscious, connoisseur buyer.

Aaron: Are you able to give me an thought of among the regulatory challenges in Colorado that you simply’ve confronted up to now or are dealing with in the present day?

Invoice: The perpetual change of regulation has been a problem. Being a reliable operator in hashish means getting used to the change and having the sources to be nimble with compliance. We haven’t had frequent issues resembling metals, mildew or mildew points. Nonetheless, now we have had some {hardware} points, which required us to vary cameras together with different technical intricacies.

Aaron: What number of acres do you have got?

Invoice: Now we have about 30 acres of secured premise cultivation.

Aaron: Is that every one managed in-house or sublet?

Invoice: It’s all managed and operated completely by Maggie’s Farm.

Aaron: What’s subsequent for Maggie’s Farm? What are you enthusiastic about?

Invoice:  We wish to proceed to place the next scale of a really wholesome, high quality, worth flower on the market and to have the ability to supply that to extra states initially states which can be inside our area and finally states throughout the US. Additionally, we’ll proceed to do our greatest to satisfy the rising demand for more healthy decisions usually.

Aaron: Lastly, what are you personally eager about studying extra about?

Invoice: How we will proceed to be as earth-conscious as we could be? How we will proceed to search for methods to present again to our communities? How we will proceed to function as a view of made within the USA and to attempt to simply help native regional and nationwide merchandise and distributors? Simply be extra conscious and at all times search for alternatives for self-improvement.

Aaron: That concludes the interview, thanks Invoice!


The statements made regarding these merchandise haven’t been evaluated by the Meals and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these merchandise has not been confirmed by FDA-approved evaluation. These merchandises are normally not meant to diagnose, cope with, treatment, or forestall any sickness. All information discovered proper right here is not going to be meant as another choice to or completely different from information from well-being care practitioners. Please search the recommendation of your well-being care expert about potential interactions or completely different attainable points sooner than using any product. The Federal Meals, Drug and Magnificence Act requires this discovery.